At Garfield, we teach phonics using the ‘Letters and Sounds’ program.  This is a structured program that teaches the children 44+ phonemes during Reception and Year 1, leading onto more complex spelling strategies in Year 2. Learning is divided into Phases, starting with Phase 1 in Nursery, Phase 2/3 in Reception, Phase 4/5 in Year 1 and Phase 6 in Year 2. All phases are revised and revisited when needed. In order to support this process, we use Ruth Miskin Literacy (RML) cards. Phonics teaching is taught daily in Early Years and Key Stage 1, lasting around 20 minutes.


In Reception, cued articulation resources are used to teach phonics.  This is because reception aged children respond well to the actions from the cued articulation resource.  Towards the end of the year, children are introduced to RML cards to prepare them for year 1.


In Key Stage 1, Phonics sessions are usually structured as follows: recapping of previously learned sounds, introduction of new sound and then segmenting, blending and applying their understanding. Sessions are interactive; all students participate and demonstrate what they have learned. This can be by using the RML cards, writing on whiteboards, playing short phonics games and reading aloud. Towards the end of year 1, pupils take part in a phonics screening check. The phonics screening check has been introduced by the Department of Education to check the phonics knowledge of children across the country.


In order to support the teaching and learning of phonics, each class in KS1 has been given a phonics pack which is taken home by a pupil every week. The pack includes parent information, reading books, phonics screening tests, phase 3, 4, and 5 word cards and a set of RML cards. There is also a writing book included.


In Key Stage 2, whole class phonics is taught based on the needs of individual classes. Pupils in KS2 who require additional phonics support take part in intervention groups.   The pupils are assessed and a programme is created based on their needs. 

Here is a video which shows you how to say all the sounds we work on with the children.

If you would like to find out more, please click on the link below to open ‘Phonics Training for Parents’.  This document will tell you about how we teach phonics at Garfield, how the phonics screening check works and how to support your child at home with phonics. 

Here are some suggested websites to support the learning of phonics:

There are also a large number of apps available, both for free and at a small cost. On our school iPads we use ABC pocket phonics which the children are familiar with and enjoy going on.

If you would like any more information regarding phonics, please speak to your child’s class teacher.

Phonics Training for Parents (1)

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